Here is a list of my publications, if you don’t have access to any of these please contact me or there are author versions where licencing permits also linked.

My publications include those subject areas of :

  • Design – for my PhD – with Paul Curzon, William Marsh and Sue Sentance
  • PRIMM – with Sue Sentance
  • Microbit  – with Sue Sentance
  • Pedagogy  – with Paul Curzon and others,  particularly on Computational Thinking
  • Semantic Waves – Karl Maton and Paul Curzon



Pedagogy 21 and PRIMM 4.

Sentance, S. & Waite, J. 2021. Teachers’ perspectives on talk in the programming classroom : language as a mediator Accepted. ICER 2021.

Pedagogy 20

Waite, J., Curzon, P. & Brodie, J. 2021. Sharing research-informed programming pedagogy with IT Professionals. Submitted.

Pedagogy 9

Waite, J.  & Liebe, C. 2021. Computer Science Student-Centered Instructional Continuum. In Proceedings of the 52nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education (SIGCSE ’21), March 13–20, 2021,
Virtual Event, USA. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 1 page. Author Copy.


Semantic Waves 2

Curzon, P., Waite, J., Maton, K. & Donohue J.(2020). Using Semantic Waves to Analyse the Effectiveness of Unplugged Computing Activities. In WiPSCE ’20: The 15th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education, October 28–30, 2010, Online. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 10 pages.

Pedagogy 8

Waite, J & Grover S (2020). Worked Examples and Other Scaffolding Strategies in Computer Science in K-12: an A-Z handbook on teaching programming 

Design 6

Waite, J., Curzon, P., Marsh, W., & Sentance, S. (2020) Difficulties with design: The challenges of teaching design in K-5 programming, Computers & Education,    For those without institutional access to the published version here is the author version.



Sentance, S., Waite, J., Kalia, M. (2019) Teaching computer programming with PRIMM: a sociocultural perspective.  Computer Science Education (NCSE) Taylor & Francis

Pedagogy 7

Curzon, P., Bell, T., Waite, J. & Dorling, M. (2019) Computational thinking, Chapter 17 of The Cambridge Handbook of Computing Education Research, Cambridge Handbooks, Edited by Sally A. Fincher and Anthony V. Robins,  February. Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/9781108654555

Semantic Waves 1

Design 5

Waite, J. (2019) Design in K-K Programming, Role of,   In Encyclopedia of Education and Information Technologies. Editors: Tatnall, Author. 1-12. Springer International Publishing, Cham 16 Apr 2019

Pedagogy 6

Csizmadia, A., Standl,B., Waite, J. (2019) Integrating the Constructionist Learning Theory with Computational Thinking Classroom Activities.  Informatics In Education. Vilnius University Institute of Data Science and Digital Technologies


Sentance, S., Waite, J. & Kallia, M., (2019) Teachers’ Experiences of using PRIMM to Teach Programming in School. In Proceedings of the 50th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education. ACM, pp. 476–482.


Design 4

Waite, J., Curzon, P,. Marsh, W. and Sentance. S (2018) Comparing K-5 teachers reported use of design in teaching programming and planning in teaching writing, in Proceedings of the 13th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education, editors Andreas Mühling, Quintin Cutts, Potsdam, Germany, October, ACM New York. DOI: 10.1145/3265757.3265761

Design 3

Waite, J.,  Curzon, P., Sentance, S.,  Marsh, W. & Hawden-Bennett, A.  (2018) Abstraction in action: K-5 teachers’ uses of levels of abstraction, particularly the design level, in teaching programming, International Journal of Computer Science Education in Schools. 2(1): 14-40. January. DOI: 10.21585/ijcses.v2i1.23

Pedagogy 5

Standl, B., Futschek, G., Waite, J., Csizmadia, A., & Vinikienė, L., (2018) WG1: Constructionist Approaches to Computational Thinking. In Proceedings of the 2018 Constructionism, Computational Thinking & Educational Innovation pp792-818 Vilnius Lithuania. Available from

Pedagogy 4

Waite, J., (2018) A continuum of scaffolding: from copying code to tinkering. Available at:

Pedagogy 3

Sentance, S. & Waite, J., (2018) Computing in the classroom: Tales from the chalkface. it-Information Technology, 60(2), pp.103–112. DOI: 10.1515/itit-2017-0014


Design 2

Waite, J. Curzon, P., Marsh, W., & Sentance, S., (2017) K-5 Teachers’ Uses of Levels of Abstraction Focusing on Design. In Proceedings of the 12th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education. ACM, pp. 115–116. DOI: 10.1145/3137065.3137068

Microbit 2

Sentance, S., Waite, J.,  Yeomans, L. & MacLeod, E.  (2017) Teaching with physical computing devices: the BBC micro:bit initiative. In Proceedings of the 12th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education. pp87-96. ACM. DOI: 10.1145/3137065.3137083


Sentance, S. & Waite, J., (2017) PRIMM: Exploring pedagogical approaches for teaching text-based programming in school. In Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on Primary and Secondary Computing Education. ACM, pp. 113–114. DOI: 10.1145/3137065.3137084

Microbit 1

Sentance, S., Waite, J., Hodges, S., MacLeod, & E., Yeomans, L., (2017) Creating Cool Stuff: Pupils’ Experience of the BBC micro: bit. In Proceedings of the 2017 ACM SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education. ACM, pp. 531–536. DOI: 10.1145/3017680.3017749

Pedagogy 2

Waite, J., (2017) Pedagogy in teaching Computer Science in schools: A Literature Review. (After The Reboot: computing education in UK Schools). The Royal Society. Available at: 

Pedagogy 1

Waite, J.  (2017) Cooks, Chapter 8 of Teaching Computing Unplugged in Primary Schools, Helen Caldwell and Neil Smith (eds) Sage.


Design 1

Waite, J., Curzon, P., Marsh, W. & Sentance. S. (2016) Abstraction and common classroom activities, In WiPSCE ’16: Proceedings of the 11th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education, pp112-113, October, ACM. DOI: 10.1145/2978249.2978272


Barefoot 1:

Berry, M., Woolard, Ross, Z., Waite, J., and Chippindall, J., 2015. Barefoot computing resources. Available at: